The highest levels continue to be in the north of England, says the Office for National Statistics.
People are told to "stay home" with all but essential shops closed as a 17-day lockdown begins.
The new system for setting Covid restrictions in Scotland adds two levels to the three tiers used in England.
But a government scientific adviser warns that without action a normal Christmas is "wishful thinking".
Birmingham is among authorities promising help at half-term, as the footballer steps up pressure.